What Millennials want

my photo cropped

Irina Bonavino              Vice Chair – Aberdeen, Highlands & Islands YPN

Managers and senior leaders in companies across the world – Generation Xers and Baby Boomers – scratch their heads over what Millennials want.

The difficulty of engaging with this group was raised at a dinner held recently for EI Fellows and Young Professionals from the Aberdeen, Highlands & Islands branch.

Here are my five pointers for any leaders asking that question.

I promise it isn’t another repetition about how tech-savvy, arrogant 20-somethings just want sleeping pods, gender-balanced coding classes and free caramel macchiatos at work.

This is my own take, based on being a Millennial who knows some very smart and career-focused Millennials (looking at you, Aberdeen YPN committee!).

1.What do your Millennial employees want? Ask them.

Set up spaces, physical or digital, collective or individual, for your Millennials to give views about how the workplace could be improved.

It could be a monthly meeting for graduates, an online survey, an ideas competition, or simply a question from the manager at our next one-to-one. Keep your ears and mind open to the ideas that have bigger potential.

Is Anna passionate about the environment, and disappointed that not enough is recycled in the office? Encourage her to do a report on how to implement the system she suggested to improve waste management, and to explain what the costs/benefits would be. Promise that she will have a chance to pitch it to more senior people and potentially to implement it.

2. Trust and enable

Personally, I think at least one of the stereotypes may be true – Millennials are a little needy.

We crave validation. It’s not entirely our fault – getting likes is addictive!

The internet isn’t just a repository of all human knowledge, it’s also full of reminders that everyone is apparently more beautiful, popular and successful than us. We live in a globally competitive and judgmental world and we’re very aware of it.

If there have been engagement issues in the past, let us know now that you see the value in our skillsets and viewpoints and that you care about creating a fulfilling work environment for us (within the company’s ethos of course).

But don’t just say “Right, crack on”. Show your support by providing some basic resources: give us access to the nice boardroom for meetings, set aside an hour a week when we can work on our project, or prompt another team/expert in the company to talk us through the data we need.

If you invest a little, we’ll invest too.

3. Set a high bar

The flip side of trust is expectation. Your message should be: I know you have the smarts and I believe you can deliver – therefore I expect you to do a good job.

Chances are, the young people in your company are bright, educated and keen to improve. They’ve done the unpaid internships and spent time learning new skills outside school and university. Some may have had the extra struggle (or advantage!) of coming from a different culture.

We don’t want everything handed to us. I would argue that, even if some young people have experienced low-effort-high-reward patterns in their early life, the workplace doesn’t have to be a continuation of that.

Make it clear at the start of the project which company standards should be met, and what success will look like for you in terms of outcomes or the bottom line. Put the onus on your Millennials to make a clear business case for their proposal.

4. We are social animals

Not social as in media, it’s more basic than that. If you as a senior professional have ever felt irritated by a Millennial flicking through their phone looking completely disinterested in the people around them, consider this: we just want to make friends (aww…).

Yes, just like every generation of humans that came before us, Millennials keenly want to have happy, fulfilling social lives. “Social” apps don’t make it any easier, they have only given us convenient ways to detach from the arduous, awkward process of developing relationships in real life.

So, if possible, make it a group project. Give us an excuse to meet with our peers and approach our more senior colleagues. We’re really just hoping that those chats over coffee will turn into chats over a pint.

5. Deliver on the promise

Millennials like a challenge if it means we get to stand out from the crowd a little. I should know – our YPN committee is made up of young professionals who volunteer between 8 and 16 hours a month of our free time to deliver valuable events for other young professionals to learn, network and grow.

We are willing to give added energy to projects we are passionate about, but it’s only in your power as a leader to promise that pot of gold at the end of all the extra hours. When the work is done, acknowledge it and provide timely feedback. Make it a learning opportunity.

But most importantly, if you were persuaded, please deliver on your promise and implement the idea. Let’s face it, most of us aren’t curing cancer every day, but Millennials want to feel a little less like a cog in the corporate machine.

We want our work to matter somehow and to make a tangible, positive impact. Seeing those new recycling bins and being able to say: “That was important to me. I was given agency and I achieved that” – that’s something Millennials want.

A light bulb moment for the planet?

Nick Howard

Nick Howard IEng MEI MSLL Chartered Energy Manager

We must – and can – take matters into our own hands on climate change rather than wait for governments to deliver, says Nick Howard IEng MEI MSLL Chartered Energy Manager and member of the Energy Institute’s Energy Management Panel.

If it were possible to draw only one conclusion from the climate change debates of the past few years, it could be that politicians and national governments won’t solve the planetary crisis alone.

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change process is case in point. The 2015 COP21 in Paris was remembered for its outstanding political goodwill, optimism about reducing emissions and limiting global warming and close cooperation between the USA and China, the biggest emitters among developed and developing countries. By contrast, three years on, December’s COP24 in Katowice, Poland displayed dampened enthusiasm. Although the delegates successfully managed to deliver the “rulebook” to implement the emission reduction promises agreed in Paris, the summit demonstrated that it’s much easier for politicians to set targets than to agree on how to reach them, implement actions and measure progress.

It’s all the more surprising given that the scientific understanding around the scale of the risk of climate change to assets, investments and the public is more acute than ever. The recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report was downplayed by some politicians gathered in Poland, despite it suggesting the world is on a devastating track to overshoot the targets of the Paris climate agreement and warm by 3°C by the end of the century.

The salutary lesson from these developments is that companies, businesses and local authorities all need to ride in behind the ambition set out in Paris rather than wait for the politics to deliver. Together, by taking the initiative and leading by example, we can make those intentions real, making real inroads into emissions and building resilience against climate change impacts. Most specifically, we must focus on translating rapidly evolving and far-reaching technological innovations into day-to-day life.

Too often ignored amid the noisy, polarised debate about nuclear, renewables and shale gas is the Cinderella of decarbonisation – the ‘first fuel’ – energy efficiency. It is a source of energy in its own right, in which energy users can make no-regrets investments ahead of other more complex or costly energy sources. Indeed, there’s been something of a quiet revolution under way in the UK – highlighted by Carbon Brief’s recent number crunching that found electricity generation last year was down to the same level as the mid-1990s, despite a growing economy, due largely to improvements in energy efficiency.

At an organisational level, energy efficiency efforts are understood as improving the ability to reduce energy consumption, based on the results of energy audits and surveys, for example a mandatory Energy Savings Opportunity Scheme (ESOS) assessment, the forthcoming Streamlined Energy and Carbon Reporting (SECR) or, globally, certifying an ISO 50001 Energy Management System.

Unfortunately, the take-up of energy efficiency projects by some industries in the UK has been slow, in many cases glacial or non-existent. This may be due to political uncertainties, or difficulties justifying funding or capital expenditure where margins are low and international competition high.

Additionally, present legal energy reduction schemes such as ESOS and Display Energy Certificates (DECs) don’t have teeth. There is no compulsion to implement measures identified through the schemes’ mandatory surveys. The new reporting scheme, SECR, which from April 2019 will replace the Carbon Reduction Commitment (CRC) Energy Efficiency Scheme, is yet another missed opportunity for the mandatory installation of energy efficiency measures by businesses and organisations.

Serious actions are required to better encourage organisations to install efficiency projects and fulfil energy saving opportunities. After all, the ‘O’ in ESOS stands for Opportunity! Phase 2 of ESOS, which is in its compliance period between now and 5 December, shouldn’t just be a tick box exercise. Instead, energy managers should use it as an opportunity to review decarbonisation strategies and explore long-term energy saving possibilities, such as demand-side response or smart appliances.

Additionally, there is a need to revise the ESOS regulations for future phases 3 and 4. Ideally, the scheme will be complemented by a legal requirement for energy saving measures identified in the ESOS assessment to be put into practice, not on the shelf to gather dust. Capital funding support is actually already available – Salix Funding is an independent, publicly funded company, providing the public sector with interest-free loans for energy efficiency projects; the Carbon Trust provides loans for private organisations. Tax incentives could also be used to help fund these measures. Similarly, implementation of SECR should be encouraged as a way for business and industry to gain economic benefits, improve productivity and cut energy costs at the same time as reducing carbon emissions.

One of the best places to start is lighting – responsible for 20% of all the electricity used in UK commercial and industrial buildings. Almost three in four buildings have outdated lighting installations, so it’s no surprise that installation of more efficient lighting was the most common recommendation from the first phase of ESOS assessments. A lighting upgrade or replacement can be simple and inexpensive but may lead to large energy and cost saving impacts.

Lighting technology has been developing rapidly over recent years, driving remarkable cost reductions. Traditional incandescent bulbs are fast being replaced by a new generation of lighting such as light-emitting diodes (LEDs) or compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs). The Energy Institute’s new Lighting Guide* is a great place to get the full picture.

It’s clear that LEDs are now the standout technology for saving costs and energy in many circumstances. Research by IHS Markit showed the use of LEDs to illuminate buildings and outdoor spaces reduced the total global CO2 emissions of lighting by an estimated 570 million tons in 2017. This is equivalent to shutting down 162 coal-fired power plants! Overall, LED component and lighting companies can claim credit for reducing the global carbon footprint by an estimated 1.5% in 2017. The share is much higher if we consider energy saved by LEDs in sectors other than the building lighting market, such as automotive and consumer technology.

Using efficient lighting products could save up to 75% of the electricity consumed for lighting in the UK each year and correspondingly reduce energy costs. A focus on practical energy saving – efficient lighting, heating and insulation – will not just help mitigate the disappointment felt by many at the failure of governments to deliver, but also I hope mobilise more people on the ground to take steps that really can making a difference to energy use, carbon emissions and the bottom line.

The Energy Institute’s new Lighting Good Practice Guide can be found at https://knowledge.energyinst.org/collections/energy-management

This blog first appeared as an article for The Energyst.

Methane leakage is putting long term role for natural gas at risk

Louise Kingham OBE FEI, Chief Executive, Energy Institute

Louise Kingham OBE FEI, Chief Executive, Energy Institute

As the Energy Institute (EI) becomes a supporting organisation to the Methane Guiding Principles, Chief Executive Louise Kingham OBE FEI explains why she wants to see CH4 discussed alongside CO2 at next week’s IP Week conference.

Two trends are rushing headlong in opposite directions.

Greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise. Despite the promise of Paris, global emissions are believed to have reached a new high last year and the IPCC’s conclusion is that we’re hurtling toward a devastating 3C temperature rise by the end of the century – double the 1.5C aspiration needed to protect low-lying Pacific islands, avoid the worst human health impacts and retain our planet’s fragile coral reefs.

At the same time growth in demand for fossil fuels remains strong. The IEA reports that the proportion of the world’s energy sourced from fossil fuels is still around 80% – the same as it was more than three decades ago – and that’s 80% of 2.5 times the amount of energy! Even with impressive progress on energy efficiency and renewables, and signs of a slowing in demand growth for coal and oil over the coming years, demand for natural gas from developing economies in Asia and elsewhere is expected to maintain an upward trajectory.

Squaring this circle will be one of the central themes at IP Week 2019, hosted by the EI next week and attended by some of the energy industry’s most senior figures including Bob Dudley of BP plc, Chad Holliday of Royal Dutch Shell plc and Amin Nasser of Saudi Aramco.

Alongside geopolitics and technology, sustainability is one of our themes and we’re sure to hear plenty of insight into the oil majors’ low carbon pathways and enthusiasm for reducing carbon emissions during combustion, in particular through carbon capture, usage and storage. All of this is crucial.

But the release of so-called fugitive methane during oil and gas production tends to get too little airtime, despite it being 28–36 times more potent as a greenhouse gas than CO2 over 100 years. The problem is occurring in the middle of producers’ own operations and is particularly acute during shale gas extraction, which in the US alone has grown by a factor of 14 since 2007.

So what are the prospects of action on CH4?

Research by the International Energy Agency suggests it’s technically possible to avoid 75% of current methane emissions in the natural gas supply chain, of which as much as half could be avoided at net negative cost because of the value of the methane saved.

Despite this, awareness within the industry is woefully low. More than 80% of international oil and gas professionals surveyed by the EI last year were unaware of the extent of the possibilities to tackle the problem.

As in so many aspects of tackling climate change, there’s perhaps a prisoners’ dilemma to overcome. In the absence of international regulation with teeth, companies need to have confidence that they won’t be disadvantaged by bearing perceived additional cost if their competitors are able to ignore it.

So we need to ramp up collective action.

The Methane Guiding Principles are the bedrock of that. The commitment from 18 global operators to reduce methane emissions and improve accuracy and transparency around methane emission data is crucial. The EI is today becoming a supporting organisation, with a commitment to raising awareness among our members, partners and customers, for the public good.

More tangibly, we saw a pledge from the Oil and Gas Climate Initiative during September’s Climate Week in New York, that its 13 members will reduce the collective average methane intensity of their aggregated upstream operations by a fifth by 2025, with a further ambition to achieve a one third reduction.

We’ll hear from head of OGCI Climate Investments Pratima Rangarajan at IP Week and I hope to see methane leakage taken seriously right across the conference – at the lectern, on the panels and from the floor.

As an industry, we have to meet this challenge head-on, not head-in-sand. Methane must not continue to play second fiddle to carbon. If we don’t up the ante on CH4, there’s a risk efforts to reduce CO2 emissions elsewhere in the lifecycle could be undermined, and with them natural gas’s licence to operate as a cleaner fossil fuel and bridge to a sustainable energy future.

International Petroleum (IP) Week runs from 26-28 February in London. More information can be found at www.ipweek.co.uk.

This blog first appeared on Energy Voice on 19 February 2019.

Is Brexit the birthday present the Climate Change Act could do without?


Nick Turton, External Affairs Director, Energy Institute

The UK’s Climate Change Act is ten years old, but what does Brexit augur for it and its targets? The Energy Institute’s CCA at 10 ‘class of 2008’ – a virtual panel of energy influencers who held key positions around the time of the Act’s introduction – have been reflecting on this thorny topic.

The legal answer has the glass half full – “in a strict sense Brexit makes no difference because the CCA and its targets are entirely national” [former BBC Environment Correspondent, Richard Black]. Or, to put it another way, “the CCA has “made in Britain” stamped all over it” [CCC and IPCC member Prof Jim Skea].

In practice, although it’s possible “the transition is sufficiently locked in, that Brexit will not impact it” [former MP and Energy Minister Charles Hendry], there are red flags on the horizon for investment in low carbon tech. “Will manufacturers of low emission vehicles or wind turbine blades want to invest in the UK? Will consumers be willing to pay to import energy efficient technologies as sterling dips in value?” [Skea]. It certainly could have “a negative impact on the deployment of renewables” [Good Energy CEO Juliet Davenport].

Perhaps more worryingly, what will the divorce mean for climate change policy, once the UK is outside the EU tent? “The balance of views within the remaining EU27 might be different” [former National Grid CEO Steve Holliday], given the UK was always one of the strongest advocates of ambition within the bloc. Conversely, “if Brexit leads the UK to distance itself from the European consensus, then [UK] climate policy could come into question” [former Consumer Focus CEO Ed Mayo]. Freedom from the common EU regulatory frameworks, specifically designed to avoid a “race to the bottom”, could lead to the UK doing just that – a “bonfire of environmental regulations” [Friends of the Earth CEO Craig Bennett].

However these unknowns pan out in the long term, there are still big immediate questions standing in the way of a ‘frictionless’ energy Brexit. Minimising the impact requires us to “stay very close to Europe” [former Shell UK Chair James Smith] including “participation in common arrangements for trading in electricity, gas and emission permits” [Holliday] and to “maintain our co-operation and dialogue with our European partners on climate change, despite Brexit” [former DECC Director General Simon Virley].

And, with the UK due to leave the EU on 29 March next year, it’s urgent – “business really needed answers a year ago, because uncertainty delays investment and makes it more expensive” [Black].

No pressure then.

Full contributions from the panel can be found on the CCA at 10 web page.

Heat and transport need to get in on the Act

Louise Kingham OBE FEI, Chief Executive, Energy Institute

Louise Kingham OBE FEI, Chief Executive, Energy Institute

When we embarked on our CCA at 10 project to commemorate the tenth anniversary of the UK’s Climate Change Act, we did so as much to assert the value of this ground-breaking legislation as to assess the challenges that lie ahead.

In relation to the Act and its architecture, our ‘class of 2008’ – a carefully selected virtual panel of EI Fellows and other influencers who held key positions around the time of the Act’s introduction – are as one.

A “leap of faith” [Good Energy CEO Juliet Davenport] that “went into the DNA of policy makers” [former OFGEM CEO Alistair Buchanan] and put the UK in the climate “vanguard” [former BBC Environment Correspondent Richard Black].

It benefited from the mobilisation of “a very broad coalition” of civil society [Friends of the Earth CEO Craig Bennett] and from Parliament being “overwhelmingly united” [former MP and Energy Minister Charles Hendry]. Put simply, “the timing worked in political terms” [former DECC Director General Simon Virley].

The success story of the Climate Change Act so far is undoubtedly electricity. Half of Britain’s power last year was low carbon, thanks to the dramatic rise of solar and offshore wind, compared to around 20% at the time of the Act’s introduction. The dirtiest fossil fuel, coal, has plummeted from a third of the mix back then to less than 7% last year.

Prioritising the grid as the “enabler of decarbonisation elsewhere in the economy” [former National Grid CEO Steve Holliday] certainly made sense. And overall emissions are down – by some 43% on 1990 and in line with the early carbon budgets.

But the “sequencing” rationale [Steve Holliday] is now running on borrowed time and closer examination of our panellists’ views reveals serious underlying concerns about heat and transport.

Progress is now seen as “unbalanced even backwards” in some areas [CCC and IPCC member Prof Jim Skea]. The policies designed to achieve the fifth carbon budget in particular are “well and truly off track” [Craig Bennett].

Despite exciting headlines about phasing out new petrol and diesel cars by 2040, the fact is 98% of road fuel remains petroleum-based; indeed transport now trumps electricity as the biggest emitter.

Likewise in heat. The Committee on Climate Change believes the UK’s heating needs to be virtually zero-carbon by 2050 and yet the vast majority – more than four-fifths – is still provided by gas, coal and oil burnt at the point of use in our homes and industries. Energy efficiency in the UK “is already way behind some other European countries and falling further behind” [Richard Black] and “an end to fuel poverty remains a distant dream” [former Consumer Focus CEO Ed Mayo].

Tackling climate change simply cannot be done without an integrated transition in all three spheres of the energy system. Electricity is well on the way but decarbonising heat and transport will yet have “major infrastructure implications” [former oil and gas chief James Smith] that can no longer be put in the ‘too difficult’ box.

Climate change targets – indeed climate change itself – are starting to bite. And, in light of the IPCC’s 1.5C report, we may even see the Climate Change Act’s 80% target upgraded to a stringent new net-zero goal – seen by some as “the only game in town” [Richard Black].

The destiny of the Climate Change Act lies in the shared hands of government, consumers and industry. Above all, Ministers needs to develop stable, long term measures and present “clear and consistent messages…rather than chopping and changing” [Craig Bennett].

Our panellists are also clear that “the next steps could affect people’s lives more directly” [Jim Skea]. “We need to have the conversation with the wider public” as consumers are “the big untapped potential” [Juliet Davenport] who need to be “engaged and informed” [Ed Mayo]. We will simply not succeed without “affordable and effective consumer products for transport and heat” [James Smith].

And our industry has a decisive role to play. The Energy Institute is helping to push forward the necessary debate in transport and heat. Our Energy Barometer 2018 this summer investigated the views of our professional members on the challenges in transport. Later this month our Heat and Decentralised Energy 2018 conference – hosted jointly with the Association for Decentralised Energy – will explore how the energy system is reacting to a growing pressure to make deep emissions cuts in heat.

At the Climate Change Act’s (fantasy!) tenth anniversary party, when the three essential components of the low carbon energy system are invited to line up for their group photo, electricity will be there, beaming, centre stage. Heat and transport on the other hand may be conspicuous by their absence.

Working together we can put that right, but we need to do it fast.

The blog first appeared as a blog on Energy Live News on 12 November 2018

The smart grid of energy professionals

Louise Kingham OBE FEI, Chief Executive, Energy Institute

Louise Kingham OBE FEI, Chief Executive, Energy Institute

The future of electricity grids is pretty exciting.

In many countries we still look to the national transmission lines that feed power from large scale, centralised power stations to population and industrial centres, and that will continue to be essential.

But that’s increasingly combined with activity deeper in the distribution system, where advances in technology are allowing businesses and households to generate power on their own rooftops, sell it to others or back to the grid and vary their demand in response to price signals. This flexibility will help accommodate intermittent renewables, meet demand more efficiently and reduce carbon emissions. It’s now about smart demand management rather than being all about the supply.

My vision for the Energy Institute is not dissimilar. Let me explain…

The member benefits, products and services we provide from the centre are the mainstay of our contribution to the development of skills in the sector. The professional recognition, the training programmes, the good practice, the magazines and other knowledge resources and the events programme.

But if you’ve visited our new website or watched our new film, you will have seen we talk about ‘bringing global expertise together’. This means a lot more than a centralised organisation would ever be able to achieve.

In truth, the EI is a network. It stretches across the energy system, from oil and gas through to innovative low carbon technologies. It’s a global network, concentrated in Europe, South East Asia, the Middle East and West Africa. It’s an inter-disciplinary network – from engineers and scientists to energy managers, economists and lawyers. And it’s a network spanning all stages of the career journey.

My role, and that of the EI staff team, is to foster collaboration within this unique network. Indeed ‘collaboration’ is one of our core values – being inclusive and diverse in our approach, engaging with stakeholders and working in partnership.

My vision of a porous, relevant, smart model of the EI, focuses my mind on three things:

First, nurturing our volunteer base
The involvement of members in our work is our greatest strength. It’s their – your – expertise that is the foundation of our credibility and has been for a century.

More than 1,600 volunteers currently donate their time, energy and expertise to the EI. From our technical committees developing the good practice used the world over, to the programme boards of our industry leading events, the assessors reviewing applications from new professional members and the branch committee members building the network at the local level.

The same goes for our governing Council. We were pleased over the summer to see some familiar names re-elected by the membership and to welcome new faces – notably Dr Simon O’Leary CEng FEI, Dr Waddah Ghanem FEI representing our branches and Sinead Obeng AMEI representing our young professionals. Steve Holliday became our President Elect, to take up post as President next July. The leadership provided by our Council helps project the credibility and profile energy professionals deserve.

Second, better reflecting society
We probably all recognise that this is an industry that needs to catch up with the shape of society. And yet the recent data released by POWERful Women still shocked – on the boards of the top 80 energy firms in the UK, almost 9 in 10 members are men. Half of those boardrooms have no women in them at all. This is not a problem confined to the UK.

As the sector’s professional body, the EI’s role is not to accept and replicate these failings, it is to be the critical friend and to lead by example in promoting the modern, inclusive sector we should aspire to be.

I’m pleased to be able to say, at both a senior level and across the organisation, more than half of the EI’s staff are women. Our own gender pay gap is negligible – just 0.84%. And our Council is also one of the most diverse of any professional institution.

And third, to listen
If we only listened to you as members during Council elections and at the Annual General Meeting, we would be failing you.

Digitalisation makes us more readily connected and provides greater opportunity to be open and responsive than ever before.

Through our Energy Barometer survey and EI Views series we are able to gather your collective wisdom and articulate it in the public debate.

Social media – Twitter and LinkedIn in particular – allow us to maintain a conversation on topical issues in real time. We’ve introduced a ‘live chat’ function on our new website. And right now our magazine readership survey is seeking views on Energy World, Petroleum Review and our other communications. The deadline has been extended to 14 September, so please take ten minutes to complete it at bit.ly/2B6XUdB

The EI is a smart grid of energy professionals, built around a supportive central structure but increasingly interactive and far more than the sum of its parts.

It’s an organisation I love belonging to and participating in. I hope you do too. Equally, if you aren’t involved but would like to be please get in touch at comms@energyinst.org so we can talk about how to make that happen.

This blog first appeared as an article in the September editions of Energy World and Petroleum Review.

After taking the electricity grid by storm, is clean energy set to race ahead on Britain’s roads?

Malcolm crop 2

Malcolm Brinded CBE FREng FEI, President of the Energy Institute

Malcolm Brinded CBE FREng FEI, President of the Energy Institute, on why Parliament’s sight should now be fixed on road transport fuels.

Something extraordinary happened in the UK energy system last year.

To understand its significance, a little time travel is needed – back to 1950 when coal accounted for 97% of electricity generated in the UK. In what was a recently nationalised industry, coal was the dominant source of power, lighting homes and sparking the era of consumer gadgets and household appliances we’re familiar with today.

Fast forward 67 years. Coal last year plummeted to less than 7% of electricity. On some days, coal is entirely absent from the mix – in April this year, we went more than 3 days continuously without burning any coal. Waving goodbye to coal has helped keep us in step with our carbon targets so far – the UK is expected to outdo the carbon reductions required during the first fifteen years of the Climate Change Act – as well as made a huge impact on improving air quality.

In its place, at least in part, we’ve seen a surge in renewables – principally wind and solar – which last year pushed low carbon sources (including nuclear) to beyond half of our electricity mix for the first time. The dramatic cost reductions that have led to this could not have been imagined even five years ago.

Now, in a twist of fate, professionals working across the UK energy sector, and surveyed for the Energy Institute’s Energy Barometer 2018, have predicted similarly dramatic fortunes for clean fuels on Britain’s roads.

Just like coal on the grid in 1950, petroleum today dominates our roads, making up 98% of the fuel used. Knowing what we do about the Earth’s climate and the impact of air pollution on premature deaths, this can’t continue.

Breaking with more than a century of automotive convention, the EI’s members predict that a low carbon mix of electricity, hydrogen and bioliquids will account for more than half of the fuels we use to get around by 2040 – sooner than many other projections have predicted.

If this were to be the case, it would imply the number of vehicles using low carbon alternatives would significantly outnumber conventional combustion engines on the road – even before the Government’s 2040 ban on the sale of new petrol and diesel cars takes effect.

And our survey respondents aren’t environmental idealists – they’re engineers, scientists and economists well-versed in the day-to-day realities of the energy system, many of them working in oil and gas. And it complements last year’s Barometer finding, that the UK’s heat mix will also see a rebalancing away from natural gas to alternative sources.

The parallels with coal don’t extend to foreseeing the imminent end of the petroleum era – it will still play an important role in road transport for some decades, alongside the new kids on the block.  And petroleum will continue to have a major role in shipping, aviation and chemicals.

Nor will the shift be without its challenges. Concerns are raised in the Energy Barometer about the capacity of the grid to accommodate demand and the lack of incentives to install the necessary recharging network, in particular outside major cities.

It’s not out of step with what is needed to meet the UK’s carbon targets. Transport accounted for 26% of the UK’s greenhouse gas emissions in 2016, making it the highest emitting sector in the UK and overtaking energy generation for the first time. The Committee on Climate Change, which advises ministers, indicates the UK will need to reach near zero emissions from road transport by 2050.

But on meeting those overall targets, the picture painted by the Barometer is much less rosy. It finds energy professionals now less confident than they were a year ago that the UK will deliver on its targets for 2032 and through to 2050, despite the Government having brought forward its Clean Growth Strategy designed to do so. Indeed 5 times as many Barometer respondents expect us to fall short of the fifth carbon budget than expect us to meet it. A third of respondents don’t appear to be aware of the content of the Clean Growth or Industrial Strategies, reflecting the fact that further work is needed to bring them to fruition and communicate them.

Policy shortcomings are exacerbated by unprecedented political risk, notably in the form of Brexit, which has risen from fifth to second in Barometer respondents’ top concerns since last year. Despite ministers being a year further into negotiations with Brussels, the fog of uncertainty around skilled workforce availability and around our future relationship with the EU’s single energy market has not lifted.

But all that said, after well over a century, many energy professionals do seem to be calling time on the dominance of the internal combustion engine on our roads, for cars in particular.

The big question is whether one of the alternative fuels will dominate – and which that might be – or whether a broad mix of competing options will prevail, making visiting the forecourt a very different experience for the driving public.

The Energy Institute’s Energy Barometer is an insightful tool for those shaping the UK’s energy future. It is precisely because energy professionals are best qualified to understand the complexities and trade-offs involved, that policy makers should heed the picture painted in its pages.

This blog post first appeared as an article in Energy Focus, the magazine of the All Party Parliamentary Group for Energy Studies on 14 August 2018.

Should all-male boards put themselves on their own risk registers?

Louise Kingham OBE FEI, Chief Executive, Energy Institute

Louise Kingham OBE FEI, Chief Executive, Energy Institute

Louise Kingham OBE FEI, Chief Executive of the Energy Institute, surveys the Energy Barometer’s findings on sector diversity.

It would be strange for a business to needlessly surrender market share. Or cut into its profit margins for no good reason. But the evidence is stacking up that many of the biggest corporates in the UK energy sector are doing exactly that.

In January, research from McKinsey found that companies with the most gender diverse leadership teams are 21% more likely to experience above-average profitability than their less diverse competitors.

Cue the POWERful Women initiative, which last month crunched the latest numbers and found that almost 9 in 10 board members at the UK’s top 80 energy firms are men. Half of those boards have no women on them at all.

Against this backdrop, the Energy Institute’s Energy Barometer, which provides a representative snapshot of opinion among energy professionals working in the UK, this week entered the debate.

The report found the benefits of a diverse workforce, in terms of gender as well as ethnicity and other measures, are understood by a healthy majority. Two thirds see it as important for the future success of their company or sector. This rises to more than three quarters among younger professionals in the first 5 years of their careers.

The main benefits identified by respondents are an increase in skills and capabilities, the introduction of a wider perspective and an increase in the ability to attract and retain staff. No doubt, these are precisely the factors that underpin McKinsey’s findings.
Now comes the but.

1 in 10 respondents to the Barometer survey continue to see diversity as unimportant and a further 16% are ambivalent. Furthermore, 30% of respondents do not believe there are any obstacles to diversity in their company or sector. This is either encouraging or rose-tinted.

Given POWERful Women’s findings, I find it hard to see it as anything other than a cause for continued concern and action. Ambivalence risks unconscious bias and this underscores why all companies in our sector should be upping their game to foster inclusive corporate cultures.

The evidence connecting diversity with financial performance and enhanced reputation is mounting such that if all-male boards do not correct this – perhaps by putting themselves on their own risk registers – their shareholders will surely intervene and do it for them.

All this talk of business benefits helps make the case. But let’s not lose sight of the reasons all of this ultimately matters.

First – if humankind as a whole is to rise to the twin challenges of climate change and global access to energy, we’re going to need every bit of talent available to us. Building a modern, diverse energy system demands a modern, diverse workforce.

And second – women have a right to play an equal part in an exciting sector of the economy, one that offers some of the most rewarding careers.

As tomorrow is International Women in Engineering Day, and during the Year of Engineering, I want to end with a special shout out to the women who are thriving in energy, helping to solve some of the world’s most pressing challenges, and changing the sector for the better.

This blog first appeared as a blog post in Energy Live News on 22 June 2018.

Thickening Brexit fog obscures future for UK energy

Steve Holliday

Steve Holliday FREng FEI, Vice President of Energy Institute and former CEO of National Grid

Energy and politics don’t make good bedfellows in the same way that investment lead times don’t fit well with election cycles.

There are various ways that business and logistics can rub up horribly with politics. Policy can suffer at the hands of kneejerk decision making, the complexities of technologies and markets don’t readily translate into headlines and tweets, and physical interconnection across national borders can jar with parochial national interests.

And yet energy is essential to our economic prosperity and social wellbeing. Ministers need work with the industry to make sure demand is met, emissions are cut and bills are kept under control. This has always been the case, but Brexit throws the challenges of keeping all these plates spinning into even sharper relief.

A year ago, the Energy Barometer – the annual ‘state of the nation’ survey from the Energy Institute – revealed acute concern among the UK’s energy professionals about the impact of Brexit.

They advised ministers to seek means of continued close cooperation with the EU in this area. Existing EU energy laws governing how our markets work need to be seamlessly transferred into UK law. A comprehensive energy and climate chapter needs to be stitched into the future trade agreement with the EU.

Workforce availability was also singled out a significant concern for energy professionals, with 60% of them anticipating struggles in employing the skilled workers the sector needs.

What a difference a year doesn’t make.

Twelve months on and the fog of uncertainty has, if anything, thickened. The new Energy Barometer, published yesterday, shows Brexit is now the second-most pressing concern for energy professionals in the UK.

There are no clear answers on the future immigration regime, or the UK’s anticipated relationship with the EU single energy market.

During my decade leading National Grid, I was acutely aware of the interconnected nature of the UK’s energy system.

More than 40% of the gas we use is imported through pipes joining us to the European mainland. About four per cent of our electricity is already imported via four power lines from Europe. This could move closer to ten per cent if some of the dozen or so proposed new cross-border interconnectors go ahead.

Membership of the EU isn’t essential to a fruitful relationship with our European neighbours – after all Norway provides up to a fifth of the UK’s gas. But the efficiencies that we have developed through trading energy freely with our EU partners have brought huge benefit to the price paid by consumers, the resilience of our economy and the prospects for the climate.

The lack of clarity around the future of the Northern Irish border muddies the already complex process of establishing the island’s integrated single energy market and casts doubt over the proposed new North-South electricity interconnector.

The sad irony is that these problems are emerging just as extraordinary things happen in the energy system of the UK. Cost reductions in clean electricity have all-but wiped out coal and low carbon sources now provide more than half of the power flowing over our grid. Similar moves are expected for road fuels even before the government’s proposed 2040 ban on new petrol and diesel cars takes effect.

In the Barometer, professionals do acknowledge some possible long-term benefits for a more ‘global Britain’ – new trade deals, flexibility around infrastructure investment, greater control over carbon pricing policy and export strengths in energy services and smart technology know-how. Under better circumstances, I would be shouting all of this from the rooftops.

But, with March 2019 fast approaching, answers to the biggest questions are needed. The stakes are high. Energy is critical to the UK’s economic prosperity and social wellbeing. It must not be left to chance.

This blog first appeared as a comment piece for politics.co.uk on 20 June 2018.

Now for an energy record really worth celebrating

Steve Holliday

Steve Holliday, Vice President of Energy Institute and former CEO of National Grid

Steve Holliday reflects on the 10th anniversary of the UK’s last generation-related power cut, and a decade in which the grid has coped admirably with an ever cleaner electricity mix.

Almost every week it seems that Britain’s energy transition breaks new records. Already this year we have had the longest period (three days) without using any coal generation since coal generation began, while we have also seen that on one perfect early summer’s day solar was the biggest source of electricity in the nation. On both the demise of coal and the advent of renewables we had better get used to the records coming thick and fast.

This weekend, however, we should be celebrating a different milestone in Britain’s energy progress – one that is, I would argue, much more profound. Sunday 27th May marks the 10th anniversary of this country’s last power cut caused by a problem with electricity generation. We do of course have local power cuts, but they are virtually all caused by breakages in the local electricity distribution networks, when, for example, a workman cuts through a cable or wind brings down a power line. Despite occasional outbreaks of doom-mongering headlines, outages caused by a shortage of electricity generation simply haven’t happened – one of the reasons why Britain can boast one of the most secure energy systems in the world.

The events of 27th May 2008 demonstrate just how bad things have to be before a generation problem compromises our electricity supply. The problem began when Scotland’s biggest generator, the coal-fired power station at Longannet, went offline unexpectedly. Five minutes later, in a completely unrelated incident, Sizewell B nuclear power station in Essex followed suit. The odds of such a twin outage are vanishingly low; even so, we almost coped. Managers reduced the voltage on the grid, which normally would have kept things stable until another power station could fire up. But on this occasion, incorrectly set controls on smaller generators meant that the voltage drop tripped them out too. The only solution then was to cut power to an estimated 580,000 homes, for an average duration of 20 minutes.

Our historical records are not perfect, but I believe this was the only power outage that anyone in the UK has suffered caused by a lack of electricity, as opposed to the lack of an intact cable, in well over two decades. The lights stayed on during the Didcot B fire in 2014, when two nuclear power stations were also shut down for unexpectedly long periods; stayed on too during the 2016-17 winter when a large chunk of the French nuclear fleet was shut down for urgent safety checks. This winter as the Beast from the East cast its icy blast across the country and the gas supply faltered, again, we had no issues.

Britain’s energy security record is worth celebrating for two reasons. One is simply that energy is the lifeblood of a modern developed nation. From the pensioner in a council flat to the boffins in the high-tech data centre, a constant, reliable supply of electricity is essential. And Britain’s electricity system provides it.

The second reason is that our energy system is in the middle of what some observe as a messy-looking transition. We need first to shut our coal-fired power stations (which will be done within seven years) and then clean up gas generation, while continuing to increase the use of wind and solar power with their rapidly falling costs and contribution to decarbonising the system. Ten years ago, grid engineers warned that deriving more than 20% of our electricity from variably-generating wind turbines and solar panels would put too much stress on the system. That is one prediction that emphatically missed the mark: in the first quarter of this year, wind and solar generated nearly 20 per cent of our electricity – and the system coped just fine.

Which is good news, because we will certainly see that 20% proportion increase. Onshore wind and large-scale solar power are now the cheapest forms of new electricity generation we can build – and so long as we also invest in technologies like battery storage alongside them, the lights will continue to stay on, in fact arguably more securely than 10 years ago when two giant power stations could abruptly remove five per cent of our generation by failing simultaneously.

Although National Grid should take a lot of the credit, this is not a paean of praise for my former employer. Other countries – Germany is one – obtain an even higher proportion of their electricity from wind and solar energy than we do, and their energy security record is just as good as ours. The point is that modern electricity systems are highly reliable – and the word ‘system’ is the important one. Generators, transmission and distribution operators, regulators and a government department steering change proactively and facilitating innovation – this is the system that thus far has proved the scaremongers wrong. The lights are staying on securely as we cut damaging carbon emissions – and that is worth raising a glass to this Bank Holiday weekend.

This blog first appeared as an article on BusinessGreen on 25 May.